We present the main characteristics of Indian agriculture and its changing contribution to India’s national economy. This is followed by a detailed discussion of the pattern of growth in agriculture, and the regional and commodity dimensions of that growth. Trends in total factor productivity are also reviewed at length in Section 3. An in-depth analysis of sources of growth in Indian agriculture—particularly recent trends in public investment such as irrigation, research, and infrastructure development—is provided in Section 4. In Section 5, we address challenges faced by Indian agriculture and the possible strategies for dealing with them. We conclude the chapter with some observations about options for accelerating India’s agricultural growth.
Singh, Alka; Pal, Suresh (2010) "The Changing Pattern and Sources of Agricultural Growth in India," The Shifting Patterns of Agricultural Production and Productivity Worldwide, Iowa State University, The Midwest Agribusiness Trade Research and Information Center (MATRIC).