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Measuring the Effectiveness of Crop Improvement Research

Measuring the Effectiveness of Crop Improvement Research in Sub-Saharan Africa from the Perspectives of Varietal Output, Adoption, and Change: 20 Crops, 30 Countries, and 1150 Cultivars in Farmers’ Fields

Publication Date: July, 2014

A synthesis report on the results of a CGIAR project: Diffusion and Impact of Improved Varieties in Africa (DIIVA) Project – the first major study to focus on the diffusion of improved crop varieties

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Encyclopedia of Agriculture and Food Systems

Investments in and the Economic Returns to Agricultural and Food R&D Worldwide

Publication Date: January, 2014

Ample evidence of very high returns to investments in agricultural and food R&D gives strong indications of a persistent underinvestment worldwide.

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Agricultural Innovation: The United States in a Changing Global Reality

Publication Date: April, 2013

This report looks at the processes of agricultural innovation and the role of R&D in increasing agricultural productivity.

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The Economic Returns to U.S. Public Agricultural Research

Publication Date: November, 2011

We use newly constructed state-specific data to explore the implications of common modeling choices for measures of research returns.

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A Strategic Look at Global Wheat Production, Productivity and R&D Developments

Publication Date: January, 2011

The 20th century began with a rapid ramping up of national investments in and institutions engaged with research for food and agriculture.

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Reassessing International Research for Food and Agriculture

Publication Date: March, 2010

The 20th Century began with a rapid ramping up of national investments in and institutions engaged with research for food and agriculture. Private philanthropic organizations launched agricultural R&D initiatives around the middle of the century to spur technical change in poor-country agriculture.

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Projecting Agriculture and Agricultural R&D Potentials

Publication Date: January, 2010

In this chapter we use market and spatial evidence in conjunction with a multi-market equilibrium displacement model to assess the potential economic benefits arising from research-induced improvements in the local and spillover productivity performance of important agricultural commodities in LAC.

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The Economics of Innovation and Technical Change in Agriculture

Publication Date: January, 2010

Innovation in agriculture differs from innovation elsewhere in the economy in several important ways. In this chapter we highlight differences arising from (a) the atomistic nature of agricultural production, (b) the spatial specificity of agricultural technologies and the implications for spatial spillovers and the demand for adaptive research, and (c) the role of coevolving pests and diseases and changing weather and climate giving rise to demands for maintenance research, and other innovations that reduce the susceptibility of agricultural production to these uncontrolled factors.

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U.S. Agricultural Research in a Global Food Security Setting: A Report of the CSIS Task Force on Food Security

Publication Date: January, 2010

The authors present and evaluate practical policy actions for revitalizing agricultural R&D in the United States and globally to meet global food demand in the face of climate change and other challenges in the decades ahead.

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The Economics of Agricultural R&D

Publication Date: January, 2009

Agricultural research has transformed agriculture and in doing so contributed to the transformation of economies. Economic issues arise because agricultural research is subject to various market failures, because the resulting innovations and technological changes have important economic consequences for net income and its distribution, and because the consequences are difficult to discern and attribute.

CSV