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Long-run and Global R&D Funding Trajectories: The U.S. Farm Bill in a Changing Context

Publication Date: October, 2015

We present new evidence that today's middle-income countries—notably China, Brazil, and India— are not only growing in relative importance as producers of agricultural innovations through investments in public R&D, they are also gaining considerable ground in terms of their share of privately performed research of relevance for agriculture.

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Research Investment Implications of Shifts in the Global Geography of Wheat Stripe Rust

Publication Date: October, 2015

Comparing the cost of developing stripe-rust-resistant varieties of wheat with the cost of stripe-rust-induced yield losses, we estimate that a sustained annual research investment of at least US$32 million into stripe rust resistance is economically justified.

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Long-run and Global R&D Funding Trajectories: The U.S. Farm Bill in a Changing Context

Publication Date: January, 2015

We present new evidence that today’s middle-income countries—notably China, Brazil and India— are not only growing in relative importance as producers of agricultural innovations through investments in public R&D, they are also gaining considerable ground in terms of their share of privately performed research of relevance for agriculture.

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American Journal of Agricultural Economics 96-5

Re-examining the Reported Rates of Return to Food and Agricultural Research and Development

Publication Date: October, 2014

At odds with a vast body of economic evidence reporting exceptionally high rates of return to investments in agricultural research and development (R&D), growth in public R&D spending for food and agriculture has slowed in numerous, especially rich, countries worldwide. The observed R&D spending behavior is consistent with a determination that the reported rates of return are perceived as implausible by policy makers. We examine this notion by scrutinizing 2,242 investment evaluations reported in 372 separate studies from 1958 to 2011.

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Agricultural R&D, Food Prices, Poverty and Malnutrition Redux

Publication Date: January, 2014

Beginning in the early 1970s, Per Pinstrup-Andersen conducted pioneering work into the links between agricultural research and development (R&D) and its consequences for nutrition and health outcomes of the poor. In this paper we revisit those links in the context of two twenty-first century conundrums.

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Agriculture in the Global Economy

Publication Date: January, 2014

In this article, we first discuss how the high-income countries like the United States represent a declining share of global agricultural output while middle-income countries like China, India, Brazil, and Indonesia represent a rising share. We then look at the differing patterns of agricultural inputs across countries and the divergent productivity paths taken by their agricultural sectors.

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Encyclopedia of Agriculture and Food Systems

Investments in and the Economic Returns to Agricultural and Food R&D Worldwide

Publication Date: January, 2014

Ample evidence of very high returns to investments in agricultural and food R&D gives strong indications of a persistent underinvestment worldwide.

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Public Agricultural R&D over the Past Half Century: An Emerging New World Order

Publication Date: November, 2013

In this article, we present entirely new evidence on investments in public agricultural R&D worldwide as an indicator of the prospects for agricultural productivity growth over the coming decades.

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Trends and Patterns of Land Use Change and International Aid in Sub-Saharan Africa

Publication Date: October, 2013

The sub-Saharan Africa region recorded the fastest conversion of forest land to agriculture in the past 20 years. The region also has the widest yield gap and together with Latin America and Caribbean has the largest unused arable land. However, there are wide variations across countries and this offers valuable lessons on the drivers of agricultural intensification and land use dynamics.

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Agricultural R&D and Food Security of the Poor

Publication Date: September, 2013

Agricultural R&D accomplished a great deal in the 20th century, especially during the past 50 years. The resulting innovations have reduced poverty and improved the food security of the poor by helping to make food much more abundant and cheaper and reducing the vulnerability of the poor to food price shocks.

CSV