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Cover Food Policy

Returns to Food and Agricultural R&D Investments in Sub-Saharan Africa, 1975–2014

Publication Date: November, 2016

Research-enabled growth in agricultural productivity is pivotal to sub-Saharan Africa’s overall economic growth prospects.

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Long-run and Global R&D Funding Trajectories: The U.S. Farm Bill in a Changing Context

Publication Date: October, 2015

We present new evidence that today's middle-income countries—notably China, Brazil, and India— are not only growing in relative importance as producers of agricultural innovations through investments in public R&D, they are also gaining considerable ground in terms of their share of privately performed research of relevance for agriculture.

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Research Investment Implications of Shifts in the Global Geography of Wheat Stripe Rust

Publication Date: October, 2015

Comparing the cost of developing stripe-rust-resistant varieties of wheat with the cost of stripe-rust-induced yield losses, we estimate that a sustained annual research investment of at least US$32 million into stripe rust resistance is economically justified.

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Long-run and Global R&D Funding Trajectories: The U.S. Farm Bill in a Changing Context

Publication Date: January, 2015

We present new evidence that today’s middle-income countries—notably China, Brazil and India— are not only growing in relative importance as producers of agricultural innovations through investments in public R&D, they are also gaining considerable ground in terms of their share of privately performed research of relevance for agriculture.

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Sustainable Economic Development

Agricultural R&D Policy and Long-Run Food Security

Publication Date: January, 2015

Section Titles: Introduction, Returns to Agricultural R&D, A New World Order for Agricultural R&D Spending, Prices and Productivity: Longer Term Patterns and Prospects, Implications of Alternative Pr

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Instepp Brief 2014 Cover

Returns to Food and Agricultural R&D Investments Worldwide, 1958-2011

Publication Date: November, 2014

The apparent disconnect between the evidence of high rates of return and slowing growth in public R&D spending begs the simple, but important question: Why?

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American Journal of Agricultural Economics 96-5

Re-examining the Reported Rates of Return to Food and Agricultural Research and Development

Publication Date: October, 2014

At odds with a vast body of economic evidence reporting exceptionally high rates of return to investments in agricultural research and development (R&D), growth in public R&D spending for food and agriculture has slowed in numerous, especially rich, countries worldwide. The observed R&D spending behavior is consistent with a determination that the reported rates of return are perceived as implausible by policy makers. We examine this notion by scrutinizing 2,242 investment evaluations reported in 372 separate studies from 1958 to 2011.

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Agricultural R&D, Food Prices, Poverty and Malnutrition Redux

Publication Date: January, 2014

Beginning in the early 1970s, Per Pinstrup-Andersen conducted pioneering work into the links between agricultural research and development (R&D) and its consequences for nutrition and health outcomes of the poor. In this paper we revisit those links in the context of two twenty-first century conundrums.

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Cover Atlas of African Ag

Atlas of African Agriculture Research & Development: Revealing Agriculture's Place in Africa

Publication Date: January, 2014

The Atlas of African Agriculture Research & Development presents a broad range of geospatial data that relate to strategic agriculture policy, investment, and planning issues.

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Encyclopedia of Agriculture and Food Systems

Investments in and the Economic Returns to Agricultural and Food R&D Worldwide

Publication Date: January, 2014

Ample evidence of very high returns to investments in agricultural and food R&D gives strong indications of a persistent underinvestment worldwide.

CSV