Aug 8, 2012 by Darren Kriticos

Thousands of pests and diseases affect our major livestock species, with impacts on livestock production varying in space and time.

Akuku, Kriticos, Ochungo, Yonow, Kiplimo

Feb 21, 2012 by Jeff Horwich

Australia’s Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) and HarvestChoice are now working together to apply innovative, “bio-economic” approaches to improve the food security of poor people in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Together, our organizations will merge biological, environmental and economic tools to track global food pests and better target strategic investments to improve global food security. 

CSIRO and HarvestChoice

Sep 17, 2010 by Jawoo Koo

Many of HarvestChoice spatial datasets are organized and released on 10-km grids. To make spatial analyses easier for researchers (even without having access to GIS platform), we put data layers from multiple themes together in one denormalized big table. This post describes the methodology and presents a prototype.

Layered information on a grid cell

Aug 15, 2010 by Jawoo Koo

Conceptually, in its simplest form, one may liken the cultivation of a crop in the field to a mathematical function.

YIELD RESPONSES TO NITROGEN

Aug 12, 2010 by Jawoo Koo

As a quick demonstration to estimate crop yield levels at regional-scale with various management assumptions, this post describes how crop systems models can be used to assess yield gap of rainfed maize due to the limited supply of soil nitrogen. This methodology can help researchers to find what is the most critical factor that limits crop yield productivity in a given environment condition and how to address the constraint.

Aug 10, 2010 by Jawoo Koo

By modeling the decomposition of soil organic matter dynamics, crop systems models can simulate the effects of soil nutrient depletion under low-input extractive field management practices, as well as soil carbon sequestration under regenerative management practices.

Maize

Aug 5, 2010 by Jawoo Koo

Not only crop growth and yield, crop models can be also used to estimate potential damages from pest/disease through a predefined set of damage pathways, or coupling points.

Army worm damage on corn

Aug 4, 2010 by Jawoo Koo

Farming entails a great deal of choices and uncertainties. From season to season, weather varies, price fluctuates, soil degrades, pest damages, and climate changes. Farmers everywhere must cope with these uncertainties. Throughout the history of agriculture, many options have been developed to help manage these risks, increase yields, increase efficiency, and, more recently, promote the sustainability of the overall system.

Aug 2, 2010 by Jawoo Koo

Water availability is the most critical factor for sustaining crop productivity in rainfed agriculture. Even if a drought-tolerant trait is introduced, water isn't available to crops when there is no water in the soil. Rainfall variability from season to season greatly affects soil water availability to crops, and thus pose crop production risks.