Aug 25, 2014 by Liangzhi You

In the era of big data, unmanned drones, and satellite remote sensing, our knowledge of crop growing locations remains surprisingly limited. We have even less information on crop yields that vary from plot to plot. While some developed countries have started to map their crops, most developing countries have no such capacity. Information on the distribution and performance of specific crops is therefore mostly available through national or sub-national statistics, which are often too general for a focused analysis. 

Jul 9, 2013 by Kate Sebastian

Last March at the Africa Agriculture GIS Week in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, HarvestChoice team member Kate Sebastian presented the not-so-sneak preview of the Atlas of African Agriculture Research and Development.

Apr 12, 2013 by Jason Beddow

Stem rust is a potentially devastating fungal disease that can kill wheat plants and small grain cereals, but more typically reduces foliage, root growth, and grain yields. The pathogen multiplies rapidly, and its spores can be dispersed by wind over thousands of kilometers.

Photo credit: CIMMYT

Jun 25, 2012 by Cindy Cox

A group of researchers from the University of Nebraska and Wageningen University are setting out to determine just that through the production of an atlas.

Aug 31, 2011 by Jawoo Koo

With limited resources to cope with weather variability, smallholder farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are facing highly unreliable crop production from year to year. In this modeling exercise we quantified how much area is under such condition and what are their production potential under intensification. The simulation result indicates that, without further intensification, only 15% of current maize growing area has the potential to reliably produce more than 3 t/ha, a yield level suggested as being sufficient to sustain the cereal needs of a typical smallholder household. However, with well-managed intensification, 82% of the current maize area showed the potential to reliably produce 3 t/ha or more.

MAIZE AREA WITH > 1 T/HA IN MAJORITY OF YEARS UNDER LOW-INPUT (GREEN AREAS

Feb 12, 2011 by Jawoo Koo

"How to compile and run DSSAT v4.5 on Linux?" Good question.

Question

Feb 4, 2011 by Jawoo Koo

Crop systems models can help researchers estimate the future of food security under climate scenarios. Many crop models are known to exist around the world - for different crops with varying complexities, yet it is not easy to find the right model for the right problem. To better understand the global extent of crop model development and to identify gaps in capabilities, HarvestChoice participated in an initiative to conduct a rapid meta-analysis of crop models using on-line survey to the crop modeling community in the world. Here are the key findings.

Word cloud of crops that respondents modeled

Dec 16, 2010 by Jawoo Koo

Long-term yield trials are great resources for agricultural researches in multiple disciplines, but such dataset have not been readily available in Sub-Saharan Africa. The Hatfield Experimental Farm in Pretoria, South Africa, is an exceptional case that has been providing maize yield and fertilizer trial dataset with 32 treatments since 1939. In collaboration with University of Pretoria, HarvestChoice facilitated the re-discovery of raw yield dataset from the trial to study the measured long-term yield variability.

Long-term maize trial plots at the Hatfield Experimental Farm, U of Pretoria

Dec 2, 2010 by Jawoo Koo

Mapping the global extent of soil constraints to crop growth plays an important role in developing strategies for agricultural production, environmental protection, and sustainable development at regional and global scales. The most widely used dataset is the Soil Fertility Capability Classification System (FCC) developed by Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) and the Tropical Agriculture Program of the Earth Institute at Columbia University. HarvestChoice facilitated developing an updated version of FCC using the Harmonized World Soil Database v1.1. This new dataset will play a key role in HarvestChoice's forthcoming flagship study on the biophysical/economic impact assessment of agricultural production constraints in Sub-Saharan Africa.

ALUMINUM TOXICITY (A MODIFIER)

Aug 15, 2010 by Jawoo Koo

Conceptually, in its simplest form, one may liken the cultivation of a crop in the field to a mathematical function.

YIELD RESPONSES TO NITROGEN