Markets are both the rules and norms providing the legal and institutional context within which economic transactions take place, as well as the physical loci of such transactions. In considering the production environment, HarvestChoice focuses on the physical and spatial dimensions of markets in goods and services. Of particular focus is the likely extent to which farming households are physically integrated with or isolated from input and output markets and a range of service providers.
In this section, we present selected information on two important base layers of information with regard to improved understanding of the context of challenges and opportunities. Firstly, information compiled about the distribution of infrastructure for later integration into our analysis of development (e.g., in the evaluation of both market access and the notion of "development domains").
HarvestChoice uses data on infrastructure in a number of ways, primarily related to assessing the physical accessibility of markets and service providers to farm households (considering the location and size of human settlements, as well as the location and quality of the transportation network). Other important infrastructure includes rural electrification systems and water storage, conveyance, and delivery for irrigation purposes.