A Comparative Analysis of Global Cropping Systems Models and Maps

Publication Date: April, 2014

This study aims to explore and quantify systematic similarities and differences between four major global cropping systems products: the dataset of monthly irrigated and rainfed crop areas around the year 2000 (MIRCA2000), the spatial production allocation model (SPAM), the global agroecological zone (GAEZ) dataset, and the M3 dataset developed by Monfreda, Ramankutty, and Foley.

Agricultural R&D, Food Prices, Poverty and Malnutrition Redux

Publication Date: January, 2014

Beginning in the early 1970s, Per Pinstrup-Andersen conducted pioneering work into the links between agricultural research and development (R&D) and its consequences for nutrition and health outcomes of the poor. In this paper we revisit those links in the context of two twenty-first century conundrums.

Agriculture in the Global Economy

Publication Date: January, 2014

In this article, we first discuss how the high-income countries like the United States represent a declining share of global agricultural output while middle-income countries like China, India, Brazil, and Indonesia represent a rising share. We then look at the differing patterns of agricultural inputs across countries and the divergent productivity paths taken by their agricultural sectors.

Economic, Production, and Poverty Impacts of Investing in Maize Tolerant to Drought in Africa: An Ex-Ante Assessment

Publication Date: January, 2014

The potential impacts of investing in drought tolerant maize (DTM) in 13 countries of eastern, southern and western Africa were analyzed through an innovative economic surplus analysis framework, to identify where greatest economic returns and poverty reduction may be achieved.

Food Security in a World of Growing Natural Resource Scarcity: The Role of Agricultural Technologies

Publication Date: January, 2014

Authors use crop and impact models to examine which current and potential agricultural technologies offer solutions to fight hunger.

Food Security in a World of Growing Natural Resource Scarcity: The Role of Agricultural Technologies

Publication Date: January, 2014

This study compares the effects that different technologies have on crop yields and resource use, particularly arable area, water, and nutrients.

Influences of Agricultural Technology on the Size and Importance of Food Price Variability

Publication Date: January, 2014

This paper explores different dimensions of the role of agricultural technology in contributing to or mitigating the consequences of variability in agricultural production, both in the past and looking forward.

Investing in the Livestock Sector, Why Good Numbers Matter: A Sourcebook for Decision Makers on How to Improve Livestock Data

Publication Date: January, 2014

This Sourcebook on livestock data summarizes the activities and outputs of the Livestock in Africa: Improving Data for Better Policies Project.

Re-examining the Reported Rates of Return to Food and Agricultural Research and Development

Publication Date: January, 2014

At odds with a vast body of economic evidence reporting exceptionally high rates of return to investments in agricultural research and development (R&D), growth in public R&D spending for food and agriculture has slowed in numerous, especially rich, countries worldwide. The observed R&D spending behavior is consistent with a determination that the reported rates of return are perceived as implausible by policy makers. We examine this notion by scrutinizing 2,242 investment evaluations reported in 372 separate studies from 1958 to 2011.

Syndicate content